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      • Open Access Article

        1 - Explain the components of urban planning education with emphasis on Islamic city indicators
        alireza sabermanesh hasan ahmadi naser barati
        As a controversial term,Islamic city is the source of wide and continuous debates, which experienced the large changes and developments since its onset. Although, there is many doubts and disagreements on the definition and determination of the urban planning terms, suc More
        As a controversial term,Islamic city is the source of wide and continuous debates, which experienced the large changes and developments since its onset. Although, there is many doubts and disagreements on the definition and determination of the urban planning terms, such as Islamic city,it has been as an academic major for more than a century and experienced many changes, particularly under the influence of social circumstances. The connection between the students and graduates of this field with the sectors of academic world and the labor market can be achieved with identifying the components of teaching in urban planning, particularly the Islamic city, which also result in the strong influence of these components on the teaching of this field.One of the ways to improve the knowledge, skills and attitudes of professors and students about quantitative and qualitative debates in urban planning is the necessity of research withfocusingon the components of Islamic city teaching. Considering the position of urban planning teachingand the need to explain the indicators of the Islamic city, this research seeks to explain the teachingcomponents related to urban planning with an emphasis on the indicators of the Islamic city. The main purpose is to identify the role and place of Islamic city indicators in the context of teaching. This research is an applied and survey research based on the purpose, and data collection, respectively. It used the method of structural equation modeling, too. Using the library and documents methods besides by using the studying and reviewing the previous works, the main variables of the model and the indicators related to each one were extracted. The necessary corrections, additions and adjustments were made by helping the opinion of the experts. Then, a questionnaire was designed based on these variables and indicators. This questionnaire let us to determine the importance of each of the obtained indicators in the form of a question and through a five-point Likert scale. We confirmed the validity of this questionnaire by the relevant experts. This questionnaire was filled by the opinion of many students in the studied area. The results show that the quality, methods and teachingaidswith a path coefficient of 5.22, trainers and lecturers with a path coefficient of 3.26, the basic factors of teaching with a path coefficient of 4.19, teaching skills with a path coefficient of 5.08 and finally theteachingvalueswith a path coefficient of 4.55 and all with a probability of 99%havethe significant impacts on the indicators of the Islamic city for the urban planning students. However, the evaluation of the findings showed that the presence of the components of the Islamic city can be important to increase the knowledge of professors andthe motivation of students and to establish an effective connection with the world. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Codification of a theoretical model for the production of spiritual-led urban space in an Iranian-Islamic city, Based on grounded theory method (case study: the central part of Mashhad)
        farzaneh madani mojtaba Rafieian afsoon mahdavi Fatemeh  Mohammadniai Gharaei
        Urban development and the process of space production have always been accompanied by serious conflicts. This has led to the production and reproduction of profit spaces based on the logic of capital accumulation. One of the manifestations of this confrontation can be s More
        Urban development and the process of space production have always been accompanied by serious conflicts. This has led to the production and reproduction of profit spaces based on the logic of capital accumulation. One of the manifestations of this confrontation can be seen in the interventions made in contexts of special identity, such as Mashhad, which is in serious conflict with the issues of sustainability and its three dimensions. Against these challenges, spiritual-led urbanism and the need to identification its indicators in contemporary urban planning in order to balance the current vicious cycle seem necessary. The increasing trend of researches in this field by reputable scientific centers shows the need to apply this concept more and more in the scale of contemporary urban planning. This research aims to provide a spatial reading of the indicators of the production of spiritual-led urban space in contemporary urban planning in line with the adjustment of the current cycle, with the aim of compiling effective spatial components in this process. In terms of the goal, this research is among developmental and qualitative research that was conducted with the grounded theory method. The statistical community includes experts and key informants (21 individual interviews and 2 group interviews) who were selected as the sample size using the purposeful sampling method. The findings of the research are the identification of 23 indicators in the form of 8 main dimensions, including space syntax, role-playing, symbolism, sustainability, and justice, security, and management structure and Contemporizationof theoretical knowledge. The achievement of this research is placing a balancing concept in the cycle of space production, which will reduce the ambiguities and shortcomings of the urban planning system, especially in cities with the support of spiritual identity, by structuring effective spatial components in the production of spiritual-led space. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Formulation of the design principles of physical elements of the mosque with emphasis on form hierarchies in order to increase attendance (Case Study: Mosque of Qajar period in Shiraz)
        Hadi Keshmiri ali akbar heidari fatemeh emad
        In the last decade, more than before, there is a need to find a solution to increase interest in attending mosques. With the modernization of human life, human’s spiritual need for worship has made them need to attend mosques. However, human beings are less interested i More
        In the last decade, more than before, there is a need to find a solution to increase interest in attending mosques. With the modernization of human life, human’s spiritual need for worship has made them need to attend mosques. However, human beings are less interested in using and staying in these spaces than before. This research first seeks to find the answer to the question, what is the formal hierarchy of mosques during the Qajar period in Shiraz? And secondly, what are the principles of designing the physical elements of the mosque with an emphasis on form hierarchies in order to increase attendance? The purpose of this article is to find principles for designing mosques with emphasis on shape hierarchy in order to increase attendance. For this purpose, the principle of hierarchy in mosques was first discussed with field studies and library surveys. Then the design proposals were prepared according to the criteria of visual ecology obtained in library studies. These suggestions were evaluated in the form of a questionnaire among experts using the Delphi method. Then, the results of this questionnaire were analyzed in SPSS v25 software to check compliance or non-compliance, the degree of influence and the importance of the proposed solutions in the Qajar mosques of Shiraz. According to the analysis carried out in this research, the most effective solutions that can create a formal hierarchy, as a result of increasing spirituality and interest in attending mosques, are solutions such as increasing "additional and decorative elements" and "Make the roof lines more visible" in the design. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Investigating the Importance of the Ancient Way Fahraj-Nosrat Abad (Aspi) in the Late Sasanid Period until the End of the Seljuk Era Path Based on the Newly-Found Karvansaray (Robat) of the Gorg Desert (Southern Margin of Lut)
        Leyla Fazel Yaqub  Mohammadifar Esmail Hemmati Azandariani Massoud Ghamari
        Historical geography sources of the early and middle Islamic centuries have named two cities of, Fahraj and Aspi or Senij (current Nosrat Abad), which fall under prosperous cities on the outskirts of the desert and the route from Kerman to Sistan. Archeological studies More
        Historical geography sources of the early and middle Islamic centuries have named two cities of, Fahraj and Aspi or Senij (current Nosrat Abad), which fall under prosperous cities on the outskirts of the desert and the route from Kerman to Sistan. Archeological studies of the Cultural Landscape Region of Bam explored the ancient Fahraj-to-Aspi route in the first half of the 2010s. Later studies identified the Biyaban-e-Gorg building. The themes raised in this research concern understanding the significance of the Fahraj-to-Aspi axis in the late Sasanid era until the end of the Seljuk era and the study of the function of the Biyaban-e-Gorg building and its date of construction. The present study uses the descriptive-analytical approach and gathers data via field surveys and library sources. The research goals are as follows: first, part of the ancient main route of Fars and Kerman to Sistan in the cultural landscape region of Bam is introduced, which is aimed at answering numerous historical ambiguities in the eastern civilization, and few measures taken to understanding the ancient axes of this area are also discussed; second, the use and period of construction of the Biyaban-e-Gorg building as an impressive building in the middle of the Fahraj-to-Aspi route, located in southeastern Iran, is investigated. The studied axis starts from Fahraj in the southern outskirts of the Lut Plain (Zangi Ahmad Lut) and leads to Aspi (Nosrat Abad) on the road measuring 150 km involving 4-5 settlements. The works identified on the axis include two large settlements, parts of the ancient cobblestone roads, ten castles and caravanserais, and two minarets. These works date back to the late Sasanid era until the end of the Seljuk reign. This important axis was used from the beginning of Islam until the end of the Seljuk dynasty. It was also part of the ancient Kerman-to-Sistan main route that broadly constituted part of the ancient Fars-to-Sistsan (Zerang) axis. The Biyaban-e-Gorg building was an excellent site in the middle of this route. This building has an octagonal sketch with eight towers in the corners and forty chambers around the atrium, and a caravanserai in the middle of the route. An explanation of the use and date of construction of this site not only helps understand the importance of the route under study but also complements a set of architectural evidence of caravanserais as well as castles in the Seljuk era, finally compensating for the lack of data and cultural-historical documents from this era. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Comparing the Efficiency of Sustainable Urban Economy Models on Local Development (Case study: District 10 of Tehran)
        Zohreh  Tajik Seyed Mosa Mosavi Farzaneh Salami
        Urban economics, after the formation of sustainability-based approaches such as sustainable development, became more and more associated with these approaches and formed a comprehensive category called "sustainable urban economy".The aim of this research is researching More
        Urban economics, after the formation of sustainability-based approaches such as sustainable development, became more and more associated with these approaches and formed a comprehensive category called "sustainable urban economy".The aim of this research is researching the effectiveness of sustainable urban economy for the transformation and redevelopment of dysfunctional urban neighborhoods in which haven’t been evaluated until now. , using a quantitative-qualitative method based on interviews and questioning of experts in Tehran, research data were collected. The results showed a significant effect of all the studied models on the dependent variable, ie local development. However, some models of sustainable urban economy, such as "social entrepreneurship" and "LED model", had a greater impact on local development. This means that the two models can be used more than other models in accordance with the conditions of dysfunctional neighborhoods in the 10th district of Tehran. Finally, it was concluded that in order to apply the models of sustainable urban economy in local development and the transformation of dysfunctional urban neighborhoods in the 10th district of Tehran, two basic preconditions should be considered. One is that the priority of selecting redevelopment models should be based on their adaptation to "endogenous local development" and the other is that the sociological conditions and requirements of dysfunctional urban neighborhoods should be considered in choosing the development model. Thus, by accepting and applying these two preconditions, it is possible to create a local model of local development in Tehran. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Land Redevelopment Planning in the Urban Historical Fabrics Case study: Zartoshtiha Neighborhood in thehistorical fabric of Yazd city
        najma esmaeilpoor Fatemeh  Foroughinasab
        The Inscription of the historical fabric of Yazd in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Cities, according to the third and fifth UNESCO cultural criteria, was performed in 2017. One of the strategies for the preservationda More
        The Inscription of the historical fabric of Yazd in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Cities, according to the third and fifth UNESCO cultural criteria, was performed in 2017. One of the strategies for the preservationdaily life in the historical fabric is to reuse the previous lands that have been abandoned or the ones under dilapidated buildings that have become non-productive spaces. The researchpurpose is the first, prioritizing the neighborhoods of the historical fabric of Yazd in terms of the potential of these lands for redevelopment; and then presenting the program of improve the efficiency in their use in the area(neighborhood) with the most capability. The Analytic network process, is one of themulti-criteria decision-making methods that have been used to measure the potential of these lands, and the strategic planning process has been used to plan their reuse in the area with the most capabilities. All neighborhoods of the historical fabric of Yazd have a significant share of land worth redevelopment at their central core and outskirts. Zartoshtiha (followers of the religion of Zoroaster) neighborhood showed a greater potential for redevelopment due to its social desirability, economic potential, especially in the field of tourism, and proper access. The article alsooffersthe proposed suitable uses onpotentially redeveloping lands as well as solutions for the prosperity of life in the Zartoshtiha neighborhood. This article is also an example of the application of non-productive land redevelopment planning in historical and ancient fabrics. Manuscript profile