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    Iranian Islamic city studies ( Scientific )
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  • About the journal

    The purpose of publishing the Quarterly Journal of Iranian Islamic City Studies, publishing the achievements and results of urban and regional research, identifying and publishing indigenous views on various urban, regional, physical and spatial features and dimensions, reviewing and evaluating urban plans in the field of Islamic culture, providing solutions And indigenous perspectives on urban planning and architecture as well as the presentation of indigenous patterns in Iranian and Islamic cities

     


    Recent Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Strategies of the supporters of the historical fabrics of Kerman for the conservation of historical Places
      Nooshin Nazarieh Eisa Esfanjary
      Issue 52 , Vol. 14 , Summer 2023
      With the development of the modern approach of conservation, the formulation of charters, treaties and the formation of international institutions, the Conservation and restoration of historical places gradually distanced from their geographical, cultural and people ori More
      With the development of the modern approach of conservation, the formulation of charters, treaties and the formation of international institutions, the Conservation and restoration of historical places gradually distanced from their geographical, cultural and people origins, and its global dimensions were added. The loss of role and shortening of the hand of native people in the Conservation and restoration of historical places can be counted as one of its consequences, So Discussioning how people think and act in the Conservation and restoration of historical places is one of the basic research questions; This research seeks to achieve popular conservation strategies in the historical city of Kerman. For this purpose, grounded theory method (GT) has been used and collect data through semi- structured interviews. 24 people of Kerman city who are interacting with historical places were studied with purposeful sampling method and theoretical saturation criteria. In the results of the research, it was revealed that a group of local people have a special desire and interest in historical places, and seven main categories were obtained from their actions, which include: Preventive conservation, inspiration and modeling in restoration, pure- integrated duality in restoration, consolidating- decorative duality in restoration, expansion and expansion of the historical building, preservation of the components and preservation of the elements of the historical building, maintenance and dealing with the process of destruction. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Renewal of Spatial structure of the quarters based on the Cultural- led regeneration approach in Historical fabrics (Case Study: Arg quarter, Mashhad)
      Farid Ganjeali Iman Ghalandarian
      Issue 52 , Vol. 14 , Summer 2023
      The spatial structure of quarters plays a fundamental role in revitalizing and improving their quality. Emphasizing the reconstruction of cultural heritage, this approach can serve as a suitable catalyst for strengthening related issues or the spatial structure of histo More
      The spatial structure of quarters plays a fundamental role in revitalizing and improving their quality. Emphasizing the reconstruction of cultural heritage, this approach can serve as a suitable catalyst for strengthening related issues or the spatial structure of historical quarters. This research aims to reconstruct the spatial structure of the Arg quarter in Mashhad. The methodology employed is mixed (quantitative and qualitative), where initially, by defining the criteria for cultural reconstruction in both soft and hard environments and categorizing them into seven dimensions of the urban environment, the cultural criteria in the components of spatial structure were elucidated. In the second step, quarter issues in the Arg quarter were extracted through the perspectives of authors, experts, and residents using observation and interviews, then the issue network was drawn and analyzed using qualitative research analysis tools (Gephi software). The results of the research indicate that the most important issues of the spatial structure of the Arg quarter include the lack of day and night activities, neglect of social values, functional disturbances in space and activities, inappropriate environmental qualities, and the loss of a sense of place, which can be addressed by proposing suggestions for improvement based on the identified issues. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Explaining the function of Transfer of Development Right (TDR) method in order to realize Islamic social justice
      Reza Khaleghi Zohre Davoudpour reza nasr esfahani
      Issue 52 , Vol. 14 , Summer 2023
      Urban development with a social justice approach is one of the issues that has been neglected in many urban development plans. The transfer of the development right is considered one of the new ways of monitoring land development. The transfer of the development right i More
      Urban development with a social justice approach is one of the issues that has been neglected in many urban development plans. The transfer of the development right is considered one of the new ways of monitoring land development. The transfer of the development right is important in terms of its position in reducing inequality and ensuring the individual rights of the owners. The development right transfer approach is actually a plan to reduce physical development in areas that the community or planners want to protect. This research aims to examine and implement the approach of the right to transfer development and explain some of the principles of important rules in the perspective of Islam, and its relevance and influence in urban development, and offers suggestions for the realization of social justice using this approach. The current research is an applied research that uses the descriptive-comparative research method to analyze and examine the data. To describe and analyze the data, the comparative literature review method has been used. Based on this, while gathering the topics of Islamic social justice and the method of transferring the right to development, the relationship between the aforementioned method and the realization of social justice is analyzed through the Delphi technique by receiving 5 rounds of opinions from 30 experts. As a result of this research, the principles of social justice include eight principles; Equality in public rights, the lack of objectivity of the position and position of people in the administration of justice, inequality in individual-social acquired rights, compliance with the requirements of time in receiving tariffs, equal access to public services, non-privatization of property and public interests, the benefit of all in public affairs, The lack of immunity of rulers and officials from justice was explained. And also compared to the basics of the right to transfer development method, it was found that the principles of equality in public law, the lack of objectivity of the position and position of individuals in the implementation of justice are completely consistent with the method of the right to transfer development. The principles of inequality in individual-social acquired rights, compliance with the requirements of time in receiving tariffs, equal access to public services, non-privatization of property and public interests, benefit of all in public affairs, lack of immunity of rulers and officials from justice are largely consistent. Or you can use the method of transfer of development right in order to achieve the intended goals of that principle. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Analyzing the features of spatial combinations in the Houz-khaneh of historical houses in Isfahan (Safavid and Qajar periods)
      Sara Rouholamin Mohsen afshari
      Issue 52 , Vol. 14 , Summer 2023
      In the architecture of the desert regions of Iran, water has been life and continuation of life. The properties of tricks are used in the creation of architectural elements to create comfort and peace in the lives of residents. One of the cases in Isfahan using the elem More
      In the architecture of the desert regions of Iran, water has been life and continuation of life. The properties of tricks are used in the creation of architectural elements to create comfort and peace in the lives of residents. One of the cases in Isfahan using the element of water is Hozkhaneh Much research has been done on the historical houses of Isfahan, but Hozkhaneh space has not been given more attention. This research will be carried out to achieve the quality of the features of Hozkhaneh spatial mixers in the historical houses of Isfahan. In line with this goal, two questions are answered; What are the characteristics of spatial mixers in the Hoz Khaneh of Isfahan's historical houses? And how do they play a role? The present study analyzes the characteristics of the spatial mixers of Hozkhaneh in the historical houses of Isfahan during the Safavid and Qajar periods using a qualitative method with a practical purpose and a descriptive-historical approach. Considering cases such as the destruction of historical houses, being uninhabited, changing the use of houses to hotels, museums, and other cases, the lack of documents and maps of some historical houses, 20 historical houses with ponds in the city of Isfahan related to the mentioned periods were identified and it was checked. The results of the present research show that the pool houses are connected with other spaces of the house using doors, windows, and columns. in ponds using the features of spatial combiners; A flexible place has been formed such as optical and perspective expansion and horizontal and vertical spatial expansion. The ponds are divided into five groups in terms of neighborhood; A group of ponds are not contiguous. A group of them are connected one-way, another group two-way, the fourth group with three spaces, and the last group with four spaces. 12 of the researched ponds have rows and the rest have no rows. In the present research, the pond houses have ceiling or wall skylights, and in some of them, there are both roof and wall skylights. In nine of the researched ponds, there is Gholamgardesh. A group of pond houses have light expansion and a view to the outside, and the rest have a light expansion and a view to the inside. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - The effect of Vauban style defensive fortifications on the spatial organization of the city of Khoy in the Qajar period
      parviz pourkarimi karim hajizadeh
      Issue 52 , Vol. 14 , Summer 2023
      The city is the most important area of human life and the largest cell of civilization, and the study of the impact and impression of this area has a special place. The present article aims to investigate and analyze the impact of the European-style defensive fortificat More
      The city is the most important area of human life and the largest cell of civilization, and the study of the impact and impression of this area has a special place. The present article aims to investigate and analyze the impact of the European-style defensive fortifications known as Vauban as an effective component in the shaping and spatial organization of the city of Khoi during the Qajar period. The purpose of this research is to explain and analyze why and how European knowledge of urban planning and defensive architecture penetrated in the city of Khoi during the Qajar period and to examine the architectural plan and structure of this castle-city and its impact on the spatial and physical organization of the primary core of Khoi city. In terms of the nature and method of research, the present research is historical-analytical and the method of data collection is library and text mining of historical documents. The research findings indicate that following the developments resulting from modernity and military technology, Iran's military elites realized the necessity of adapting defense fortifications to the needs of the day, i.e. adapting to firearms, including cannons and artillery. Therefore, they started to build European-style defense fortifications equipped with artillery and called "Vauban", one of the prominent examples of which is the tower and rampart of Khoi city in the Qajar period. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Assessment of smart citizens in Iranian cities (Case example: Tehran city)
      Elham Zabetian Targhi masoud dadgar
      Issue 52 , Vol. 14 , Summer 2023
      Based on the theoretical framework of the smart city, the third generation of smart cities in the world emphasizes "smart citizens" rather than supporting infrastructure; In fact, the smartness of cities depends on the smartness of citizens rather than the development o More
      Based on the theoretical framework of the smart city, the third generation of smart cities in the world emphasizes "smart citizens" rather than supporting infrastructure; In fact, the smartness of cities depends on the smartness of citizens rather than the development of new technologies and infrastructures. Also, there are internationally approved indexes for measuring and evaluating the state of intelligence of citizens, which of course can be revised based on the cultural and contextual conditions of each region in cities. Therefore, according to the importance of the subject and to extract and diagnose the intelligence indexes of citizens in Iran, in this research, after document, with the conceptualization method, the indexes and sub-indexes of citizen evaluation have been extracted and then in the stage of survey studies, electronic questionnaires have been designed to measure the mentioned indexes and distributed among about 270 citizens of Tehran (as the capital and the leader in the field of intelligence in the country). In the next stage, quantitative and qualitative analyses have been carried out. By using multivariate regression and beta test, related indicators have been ranked and interpreted. Finally, the results show that the participation index is the most important element in the field of smart citizens, and this indicates that the promotion of the role of the citizens does not necessarily depend on the provision of infrastructure and the introduction of new technologies in cities. Also, suggestions for educating smart citizens from preschool to university level have been presented. Manuscript profile
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Spatial Developments of Sirjan During Islamic Period Based on the Archaeological Evidences and the Written Historical Resources
      hasan karimian Ahmad pourahmad Zeinab Afzali
      Issue 38 , Vol. 10 , Winter 2020
      One of the major cities of Kerman province since the Sasanian period, Sirjan has played a key role in the political, economic, and cultural developments of southeastern Iran due to its geographical location and adjacency to trade routes. Written sources provide detailed More
      One of the major cities of Kerman province since the Sasanian period, Sirjan has played a key role in the political, economic, and cultural developments of southeastern Iran due to its geographical location and adjacency to trade routes. Written sources provide detailed information about Sirjan during the period; however, issues such as formation, development and decline, and settlements in different periods, as well as the social structure and the economic and cultural activities of the inhabitants have remained mostly neglected, which calls for archaeological studies and evidence. Despite its importance in the Islamic period, Sirjan has received little attention from archaeologists, and there are many uncertainties about its formation and relocations in different periods. Surprisingly, there is no archaeological information about the city even from an period as recent as the Safavid period. This study attempts to examine the process of Sirjan’s formation, development, and decline during the Islamic period, using written historical sources and archaeological evidence obtained in field research. The study also tries to explore the city’s site selection during the Islamic period and the causes of these relocations from an archaeological viewpoint, using archaeological excavations in Sirjan plain and analysis of the resulting data. The finding of the present study indicated that Sirjan, which was one of the strategic centers in southeastern Iran during the historical period, flourished in the early Islamic centuries and was of great importance as the center of Kerman province for several centuries. However, the city declined and was later abandoned in the late Seljuk period until Ghal’eh Sang gradually replaced the Shahre Qhadem. Evidence also showed that Ghal’eh Sang was the most important settlement in the Sirjan plain from the 13th to the late 15th century. After the destruction of the castle by the Aq Qoyunlu rulers in the late 15th century, this area lost its appeal and was replaced by Bagh Bamid Garden. During the Safavid period, Bagh Bamid was the most important settlement on the Sirjan plain. However, the governor’s seat and the urban center were transferred to Sa’iid Abad after its development and expansion. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - The Impact of Megamalls on the Neighborhood Identity in Tehran; Case study: Atlas Mall
      Esmaeil Shiee Mahsa hajiani
      Issue 36 , Vol. 10 , Summer 2019
      Throughout history, markets have played a major undeniable role in shaping the cultural, national and native identity in Iranian-Islamic cities, so that the urban life is closely associated with the market. However, given recent changes in market dynamics and the emerge More
      Throughout history, markets have played a major undeniable role in shaping the cultural, national and native identity in Iranian-Islamic cities, so that the urban life is closely associated with the market. However, given recent changes in market dynamics and the emergence of modern supersized malls, serious concerns are being raised about the impact of these spaces on local identities. That said, the main purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of construction and activity of large-scale shopping centers on the collective identity in general and neighborhood identity in particular. The authors’ primary assumption is that neighborhood (as a level of place identity) is a variable influenced by urban textures and is weakened by elements such as megamalls. Atlas Mall project (under construction) in the Niavaran district was chosen as a case study to investigate this hypothesis. A futurological approach was adopted in the research with a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The current status of neighborhood identity was measured by a survey with a sample of 300 respondents who were the residents of three (immediate) surrounding neighborhoods. Referring to academic expertise, referring to informants and local experts, and also the studies on the impact of three operating shopping centers (Tirazheh, Arg and Kourosh) were used to predict the potential effects of Atlas Mall on the residents’ neighborhood identity. The findings show that the neighborhood identity in the three neighborhoods is strong (above average) and the impact of Atlas Mall on the residents’ identity is associated with (and under the influence of) six other key drivers: consumerism, the presense of foreign brands, modern architecture, traffic and transportation, crowdedness, and the price of real properties. It can be predicted that the impact of Atlas Mall on neighborhood identity will be gradual, so some planning and policy-making efforts can be done, before and after its inauguration, by urban managers or the project managers in order to reduce the impacts. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Evaluation and Ranking of Factors Affecting the Perception of Spirituality Sense in the Interior of Mosques; Case study: Nasir Al-Molk Mosque – Shiraz
      MOHAMMADREZA MALEKI Qader Bayzidi Ali Yoonessi Farzin Charehjoo
      Issue 40 , Vol. 11 , Spring 2020
      The design of mosques in the history of Iranian architecture seems to be the Climax of Islamic art and architecture. The architecture of mosques seeks inspiration of concepts of the divine world in order to create an atmosphere that connect the material world to the imm More
      The design of mosques in the history of Iranian architecture seems to be the Climax of Islamic art and architecture. The architecture of mosques seeks inspiration of concepts of the divine world in order to create an atmosphere that connect the material world to the immaterial world and creates a single spiritual space. In this study, the effect of factors affecting the perception of spirituality in the interior of Nasir Al-Molk Mosque in Shiraz has been investigated. In this regard, first the parameters that affect the perception of the sense of spirituality are determined and then 120 questionnaires are collected from architecture and urban planning students of Shiraz University, the validity and reliability of which has been confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha. Then, by modeling the structural equations of partial least squares (PLS-SEM), it is analyzed to determine the relationship between the parameters on each other. Factors affecting the perception of spirituality are social, sensory, somatic and environmental factors that the results show that there is a significant difference in the ranking of indicators. In the following, the indicators are arranged based on the degree of impact on the perception of spirituality from rank 1 meaning the most impact to rank 15 meaning the least impact. Findings show that the greatest impact on the perception of spirituality is related to somatic indicators. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Religious Spaces in the Layout and Fabric of Zoroastrian Cities; Case Study: Yazd
      hassan karimian Fatemeh karimi
      Issue 37 , Vol. 10 , Autumn 2019
      The layout and fabric of a city reflect the influence of beliefs and cultures of their inhabitants. Amongst Iranian ancient cities, the historical city of Yazd, thanks to its intact and less-affected old fabric, is an excellent arena for investigating such impact. Accor More
      The layout and fabric of a city reflect the influence of beliefs and cultures of their inhabitants. Amongst Iranian ancient cities, the historical city of Yazd, thanks to its intact and less-affected old fabric, is an excellent arena for investigating such impact. According to the historical sources, Zoroastrians lived in nine (out of seventy seven) districts of Yazd in the Qajar era. Since Zoroastrians continue to live in these urban spaces to date, it has been tried in the present research to investigate the extent of influence of Zoroastrian’s religion on the formation of such spaces.This research, therefore, investigates the architectural elements with religious function in one of the main Zoroastrian districts in Yazd City, and the religious commandments that have influenced the formation of its space. To this end, a relatively well-preserved area i.e. the Dasturān district, is selected and its religious buildings were identified. The results of fieldworks combined with the findings of historical and religious texts, confirm that the religious spaces had a pivotal role in the formation of the fabric of Zoroastrian city. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Spatial Dynamics of Islamic City Based on Complexity Theory; Case Study: Tehran Central District
      Hossein Hataminejad Ahmad pourahmad Keramatalah Zayyari Hosein Behbodi Moghadam
      Issue 37 , Vol. 10 , Autumn 2019
      City is always dynamic and undergoing transformation. This dynamic in Islamic cities has been influenced by variety of exogenous and endogenous factors and has gotten complexity form. Therefore, the purpose of this research is the study of complexities of Islamic city s More
      City is always dynamic and undergoing transformation. This dynamic in Islamic cities has been influenced by variety of exogenous and endogenous factors and has gotten complexity form. Therefore, the purpose of this research is the study of complexities of Islamic city spatial dynamics from the perspective of complexity theory and planning of these dynamics from the viewpoint of city as a complex system. Research Method in this paper is based on descriptive-analytical method and data collection method, based on documentary and field method. The statistical sample of the research consists of 85 urban managers and municipal experts (working in region 12, its six districts and Districts 1 and 2 of region 11), who have been identified based on the Cochran’s formula. Using the Mactor method and software and selecting the central part of Tehran as the study area, the following results were obtained: First, in recent decades, various factors and processes have played a role in the spatial dynamics of Tehran (As an Islamic and Muslim city) and its central part ,as They introduce it as a complex system. Second, the diversity of space actors with different positions of divergence, convergence and competition in the spatial dynamics of the central part of Tehran indicates the diversity, complexity and variety of elements involved in urban planning in this area. That is, in the study and planning of the Islamic city, one cannot rely on a single factor such as modernism or globalization, and the diversity of space processes and actors must be studied in terms of complexity theory, and all plans in urban planning have to consider this diversity. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Identification and explanation effective factors in Fire Stations site selection in run down texture
      Ahmad Heydari Hamidreza Joudaki
      Issue 38 , Vol. 10 , Winter 2020
      From among available uses and services, significant importance is distribution efficient site selection of Fire station, in the case of important and attention to the safety and arrangement in coping on fire and accident with increase Population and density in city ,ser More
      From among available uses and services, significant importance is distribution efficient site selection of Fire station, in the case of important and attention to the safety and arrangement in coping on fire and accident with increase Population and density in city ,services, fire organization is duty supply in the coping with fire. In run down and old texture because of supply suitable access and minimum standard time to fire place and in general supply urban safety establish fire station is more important. The basic goal of this research is identification main factors in site selection for establish fire stations in run down texture. In this research ,at first survey and identification main factors in site selection in run down texture with use of AHP method ,this is a multi-criteria decision making and then weighting and prioritization fire station site selection criterion and sub criterion. The results show that between factor such as access, population density, nearness and natural disasters, access factor appropriating access most weight in fire stations site selection in Tehran run down texture. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Economic Regeneration of urban Worn out and inefficient texture with strategic planning approach; Case study: District 10 of Tehran
      Zohre tajik Seyed Mosa Mosavi rahim sarvar
      Issue 37 , Vol. 10 , Autumn 2019
      The rapid development of urbanization has had a significant impact on the old and historic nuclei of cities. In other words, these areas have become worn-out and inefficient urban structures compared to other areas of the city, and the most important factor influencing More
      The rapid development of urbanization has had a significant impact on the old and historic nuclei of cities. In other words, these areas have become worn-out and inefficient urban structures compared to other areas of the city, and the most important factor influencing their abandonment is the economic factor which has caused these tissues to lag behind the development process and become the center of problems and failure.In this regard, the metropolis of Tehran is one of the major cities that, under the influence of the rapid development of urbanization, faces risks and disturbances in various dimensions in the old and historical nuclei.The manifestation of these disorders and challenges in the 10th district of Tehran, with a significant area of worn and dysfunctional urban fabric, is 52% more pronounced and more severe and directly or indirectly, it has involved citizens in a wide range of issues and problems. Therefore, this research is based on the process of a new approach to the intervention of the base location in urban dysfunctional and worn-out tissues namely urban sustainable regeneration (with an approach circle economy regeneration) through strategic planning, while analyzing the current situation, the position of the worn-out texture of Tehran’s 10th district in the economic field, pay to provide key strategies for the optimal use of potential facilities and capacities within the context and restore economic prosperity to the range of study tissue. The type of research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. The technique used for data analysis is the integrated SWOT-AHP model.The results show that the worn and dysfunctional texture of the 10th district of Tehran in the economic field is facing many weaknesses in terms of internal environment and significant opportunities in terms of external environmen which in finally, by adopting adaptive strategies (revision), it is possible to make the most of the opportunities in the economic field by reducing the existing weaknesses. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Revisiting the Spatial Organization of Neighborhoods in the Iranian City in Terms of the Tradition of Mortmain; Case Study: Aligholi Agha neighborhood, Isfahan
      Mina Kashani Hamedani Hassan Sajjadzadeh
      Issue 40 , Vol. 11 , Spring 2020
      mortmain has been existing for a long time in the field of urbanization. It is a multifaceted phenomenon with various physical, functional, social and economic dimensions. Identifying the effect of mortmain endowment on the building blocks of Iranian-Islamic cities, esp More
      mortmain has been existing for a long time in the field of urbanization. It is a multifaceted phenomenon with various physical, functional, social and economic dimensions. Identifying the effect of mortmain endowment on the building blocks of Iranian-Islamic cities, especially through a historical approach, will help to clarify this concept. With its unique historical neighborhoods, the city of Isfahan which was mainly developed in the Safavid era under the influence of the idea of the Islamic city and mortmain offers a perfect opportunity for innovative historical research. From among the numerous historical neighborhoods in Isfahan, the neighborhood of Aligholi Agha was selected as the case of the present study due to the survival of its mortmain deeds. The hypothesis of this research is the influence of mortmain on the shape of Aligholi Agha neighborhood. The research seeks to find an answer to the question of how tradition of mortmain has affected the structure and creation of traditional neighborhood spaces?. Accordingly, the purpose of this article is to analyze the spatial structure and physical elements of traditional neighborhoods from the perspective of mortmain tradition and based on the structuralism approach in Islamic city studies. Accordingly, in the process of traditional neighborhoods regeneration, a sustainable spatial organization can be achieved by relying on research findings. For this purpose, the research was conducted through a descriptive-analytical method, while reviewing the literature of the position of mortmain in Islamic thought and its impact on the structure of the Islamic city, and using library-documentary as well as field observations, historical documents and maps, and existing mortmain deeds. Our findings indicate that mortmain has been effective in the formation and further historical development of Aligholi Agha neighborhood centers in Isfahan and creating public buildings such as mosques, bath and other public buildings in this neighborhood. Also, due to the doctrinal and social dimensions of the mortmain tradition, the development and creation of Aligholi Agha neighborhood buildings, has created an interconnected and intertwined structure in the center of the neighborhood and has created sensitivity and participation of people in preserving and reviving traditional buildings in this neighborhood. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Analysis of Thoughts of Modernism on the Formation and Change of Urban Streets in Iran and Uzbekistan; Case study of Tehran and Tashkent
      Nazanin Islami Fariba Alborzi Hosein soltanzadeh
      Issue 39 , Vol. 11 , Spring 2020
      The Qajar period in Iran coincides with the Western Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century, which is an important factor in the development of modern and contemporary Architecture and Urban Planning. This means that, the Qajar period is the link between the tra More
      The Qajar period in Iran coincides with the Western Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century, which is an important factor in the development of modern and contemporary Architecture and Urban Planning. This means that, the Qajar period is the link between the traditional past and the modern future of Iran, and provides the Context for the emergence of changes in the first two decades of the Pahlavi era. Also, Uzbekistan undergoes Number of Developments in Soviet Modernization Processes during this Era. The Purpose of this Study is to Examine how the Impact of Modern Cultural, Political and Social Progresses on the Urban Streets Evolution in Iran and Uzbekistan during the Qajar and First Pahlavi Eras to Answer these Questions: Have the Modern Cultural, Political and Social Progresses influenced the process of Urban Street Evolution in Iran and Uzbekistan?What is the Structure, Nature and aspects of differences and similarities of Urban Streets Evolution in Iran and Uzbekistan during Qajar and First Pahlavi Eras? This is a Historical-Comparative research with Qualitative approach which uses Documentary Studies. Historical-interpretive research method has been used to collect Historical theoretical bases and Descriptive-Analytical research method has been used to comparison the urban Streets Evolution in Tehran and Tashkent. The Statistical Population includes all streets that underwent Physical and Functional Changes during the Qajar and Fisrt Pahlavi Eras due to Modernist Thoughts and The Sample Population consists of a number of streets that were in the same time frame and have Stylistic Similarities in terms of Physical, Functional, and objective developments. The results of the research show that the Thoughts of modernism in both countries have been manifested in objective, functional and physical dimensions and the physical components have been more influential than the other components. In both countries, street design has been emerged similarly with new components such as the proximity of various functions around the street, increased permeability and visual transparency in the urban street walls and the regular checkered grid of the streets. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Preparation principle for Mohallah Playground Design, With Emphasis on Revival of Irainian Native Games; Case Study: Mohallah of Bagh-feyz in Tehran
      Majid Khoramshad Seyed ali Safavi
      Issue 36 , Vol. 10 , Summer 2019
      Based on today’s scientists point of view, playing is not only a joy for children but also their life. He will gain and improve his needed future life skills by playing .hence it is important to pay extra attention to children’s playgrounds especially in scale of a muha More
      Based on today’s scientists point of view, playing is not only a joy for children but also their life. He will gain and improve his needed future life skills by playing .hence it is important to pay extra attention to children’s playgrounds especially in scale of a muhallah which is their main social life base ground. This project has two main goals: 1) to find urban designing basics in order to improve quality of children and juveniles play grounds in scale of muhallah area. 2) some steps forward to revive domestic persian games by providing proper places for muhallah. in the beginning of this project the method of study was based on “quality meta analysis “ and in the following SWAT analysis method was chosen in order to make structured analysis of case studies. According to results of this study ,there are bunch of factors that matter to be able to meet all the requirements. Safety and security are the very first thing parents ask beside that a play grounds should be interesting for kids too. The key to make a play ground interesting is to meet variety. Absence of diversity is the main reason children focus on computer games and stay less in the play fields and fewer age groups get involved .in the mean while using persian games ,as an intangible heritage of our culture and history can insert a little bit of culture to games atmosphere and reduce Individualism, as our culture propunds social activities a lot. Manuscript profile
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    Print ISSN: 2228-639X
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