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  • List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Review and Qualitative Content Analysis of the Theoretical Origins of Urban Regeneration
        Ahmad Pourahmad Akbar Hamidi Hossein Hataminejad saeed zanganeh
        With the beginning of the twenty-first century, various policies have been adopted to manage the complexities and uncertainties of urban systems, especially in metropolitan areas. Meanwhile, Urban Regeneration (UR), as a policy focused on Inner-city, dysfunctional and r More
        With the beginning of the twenty-first century, various policies have been adopted to manage the complexities and uncertainties of urban systems, especially in metropolitan areas. Meanwhile, Urban Regeneration (UR), as a policy focused on Inner-city, dysfunctional and rundown urban fabrics, has found an undeniable significance in urban planning and studies. Then, the main purpose of this research is to review, evaluate and investigate urban regeneration policy based on Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA) method. Firstly, more than 300 scientific and valid texts in the field of urban regeneration were purposefully studied. After the final screening, 73 sources were analyzed in a content way as a selected document. In the second step, components and indicators of research variables were extracted and categorized. Results represent that the core categories of urban regeneration are: 1) principles of urban regeneration; 2) timeline evolution of urban regeneration policies; 3) sustainable urban regeneration strategies; 4) assessment frameworks of regeneration; 5) guiding theories for regeneration; and 6) land use-led urban regeneration. As a result, the conceptual model of urban regeneration was presented by focusing on expanded theoretical concepts. Considering extracted categories, the land use-led urban regeneration indicator has been noticed more in research studies, and the category of sustainable regeneration strategies has been given more priority. In contrast, the discussion of regenerative support theories, regeneration policy timeline and its evaluation frameworks are less emphasized than other issues. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The Content of Quranic Inscriptions in the Minarets of Razi Style in Iran; Re-reading the Minarets Function
        Reza Rahimnia Nahid Holakooei Sajad Moazen
        Minarets are one of the key elements of Islamic Architecture and especially in Iran there are valuable examples of them in the Razi style. After The spread of Islam, religious ideas have been influential in the construction and decoration of minarets and Used in the con More
        Minarets are one of the key elements of Islamic Architecture and especially in Iran there are valuable examples of them in the Razi style. After The spread of Islam, religious ideas have been influential in the construction and decoration of minarets and Used in the concepts of their inscriptions. In the meantime, the Quranic inscriptions on these minarets can be one of the important sources for understanding and examining the religious and belief views of people and architects as well as their function; a subject that has been paid less attention to in the Recognition and verification of architectural works function. The following study tries to investigate the concepts used in them, while identifying Quranic Ayah (verses), by examining the inscriptions of Razi style minarets in Iran. Also, the relationship between the concepts or themes of the Qur'anic verses in the inscriptions of the Razi style minarets and their function will be the main question of the upcoming research. In this study, in addition to identifying Razi style minarets and their classification, the main goal of the article is to analyze the themes of Quranic inscriptions to Recognition and verification their usage. The upcoming research tries to extract, categorize and analyze the most used concepts in these verses. These analyzes are important to read the Function of minarets. To achieve this goal, the Quranic inscriptions of Razi style minarets, which are mostly Seljuk, have been identified in the library and field studies, and some of the mentioned minarets have been visited to verify the text of the inscription. After documenting the inscriptions and identifying their verses, the texts of the verses were analyzed using the interpretation-analytical approach (content analysis). Based on the studies, the repetition of the concepts of "expressing the attributes of those who invite to God", "monotheism" and "expressing the attributes of God" in the verses of the minaret inscriptions is significant. As a result, the verses of these inscriptions mostly deal with the two general issues of "sign" and "guidance", according to which the function of the minaret can be considered as "Media and sign for guidance". Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Relation between Human, Home, and City in Religious Texts of Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam
        mohammadreza rahimzadeh zahra alebouyeh
        The mainstream of the developments that have guided and shaped the contemporary human dwelling, has been the subject of concern and criticism by many diverse groups of thinkers. Many theorists have tried to re-think the concepts of dwelling and have created new perspect More
        The mainstream of the developments that have guided and shaped the contemporary human dwelling, has been the subject of concern and criticism by many diverse groups of thinkers. Many theorists have tried to re-think the concepts of dwelling and have created new perspectives. Human happiness is the center of attention of all religious traditions. With this premised, it seems that an effort from this point of view can explain things that -in the current view of architecture- have been neglected or forgotten. The purpose of this research is to find out what are the principles and criterions to the body and the container of human life by referring to religious texts, and what is the relationship between the human and the container of his dwelling. The research method is comparative and interpretative, and its resources are the texts of Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam and some of their interpretations. In the first part of the article, human’s existential relation to his dwelling containorin the context of thinking based on the mentioned religions has been investigated, and in the second part, the comparative analysis of the basic differences and commonalities has been discussed. The findings of the research show that, despite the differences in categories and terms to human and the levels and scales of his dwelling, the studied religions have one thing in common, and is that they do not make a fundamental and essential distinction between city, home, and human body, as they do for the human soul, the home dweller and the city dweller and consider the same principles for all these. From the point of view of all three religions, the world in which a person lives, the body, the house, and the city, is a whole unit that consists of a metamaterial or heavenly area in addition to the material or earthly area.However, in modern thought, withthe domination of specialization and its expansion, has put forward a new approach in understanding and dealing with human and his dwelling, which is accurate but in comparison with religious thinking, in terms of the ranks are limited, different in terms of priorities, and inconsistent in terms of scales. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Comparative Analysis of Urban Contexts around Subway Stations Based on Indicators of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), Case Study: Mirza Shirazi and Namazi Subway Stations
        Ali Reza Sadeghi Seyedeh Tayebeh Hosseinipour masoud dadgar
        Transportation issue has always been considered as one of the major urban problems. The rapid economic and demographic growth of cities, the increase of private car ownership, the limitation of urban transportation infrastructure, the increase of intra-city travel and t More
        Transportation issue has always been considered as one of the major urban problems. The rapid economic and demographic growth of cities, the increase of private car ownership, the limitation of urban transportation infrastructure, the increase of intra-city travel and the disproportionate development of urban spaces will increase the traffic problems in cities. Today, to get rid of these problems and increase the quality of life in cities, urban spaces are developed based on the transit system. The benefits of TOD have been widely demonstrated, from reducing carbon emissions to achieving a range of other inherent socio-economic benefits in sustainable cities. The increase in car ownership in Shiraz, whose population has overgrown in the years after the revolution and the intensification of the use of private cars in this city, caused many problems such as heavy traffic, air pollution, and noise pollution. This revealed the necessity of attention to transit in this city, and as a result, the urban train was considered an efficient transit method. The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate and analyze the urban areas around the public transportation stations in Shiraz based on the TOD criteria. The case study is two selected stations from Shiraz metro, Mirzai Shirazi and Namazi stations. In this study, first, the principles of TOD have been identified. After that, the characteristics of the case study have been evaluated with the TOD criteria and the ITDP standards. Then, the stations were analyzed using SWOT. This study shows that Mirzai Shirazi station is in a bronze condition, but the Namazi station is not even in this condition. Access to local services, proper non-residential density, and transit options at the stations are the strengths of this approach. Housing density in stations is low and needs to be increased. The findings of this study can be used to assist planners in evaluating actions taken in intra-city rail development. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Evaluation of Technology in the architecture of Contemporary residential complexes (Case Study: Complexes of Tehran City from the Pahlavi Period until Today)
        Sonya Silvayeh abbas ghaffari Maziar Asefi Abbas Yazdanfar
        Residential architecture in Iran, and especially in the city of Tehran, has been changing since the beginning of the Pahlavi government. that, this developments were incomplete and led to the conversion of traditional, single-unit buildings into apartment complexes with More
        Residential architecture in Iran, and especially in the city of Tehran, has been changing since the beginning of the Pahlavi government. that, this developments were incomplete and led to the conversion of traditional, single-unit buildings into apartment complexes with vertical living. In the meantime, one of the most important factors influencing these developments is the new technologies resulting from the industrial revolution, which as a powerful factor, has in turn created undesirable developments. Because today, despite the fact that buildings have become more suitable and better due to the development of newer equipment and materials, it has adopted an intimate and inhumane design process. Therefore, this study reflects the impact of technology on the architecture of residential complexes in the contemporary period and during the two periods of Pahlavi and the Islamic Revolution, to achieve this, in the theoretical part with a qualitative approach and library studies and using the analytical-descriptive method, a theoretical framework is provided. In the practical part, the mentioned theoretical framework is evaluated through SPSS statistical program and finally personal analysis by field studies and questionnaire compilation. The research findings indicate that; there is a relatively weak relationship between the independent variable of "hard tools" from the discussion of technology and dependent variable of "residential complex" in the Pahlavi period compared to the period of the Islamic Revolution, but for the period of the Islamic Revolution, this relationship is more visible and stronger. So that the intensity of this relationship in the Pahlavi period with an average of 0.207 and in the Islamic Revolution with an average of 0.390. Among the significant issues; the important of "interior architecture/plan" in both mentioned periods is higher than the other two discussions, i.e. "interior decoration" and "area/ facade" in the architecture of complexes. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Questioning Authenticity and Cultural Identity of Contemporary Iranian Architecture Based onShaygan's Writings
        Hooshang Foroughmand A'raabi Mahmoud Arzhmand
        According to cultural studies, modernity exposed cities and countries to Multiculturalism and Identity Crisis. Some scholars believe that the result of cultural mixing is the fragmentation of identities. On the other hand, some scholars, such as Shaygan, emphasize on th More
        According to cultural studies, modernity exposed cities and countries to Multiculturalism and Identity Crisis. Some scholars believe that the result of cultural mixing is the fragmentation of identities. On the other hand, some scholars, such as Shaygan, emphasize on the need to accept modernity and cultural communication with the west, therefore, to have a unique inclusive culture. In Shaygan’s view, the companionship of different fragmentations is called “ChehelTekeh” which means forty-piece, a kind of carpet with different shapes. Based on this view, in the contemporary history of Iran, as it faces modernity, architecture has no result other than schizophrenic enchantment resulting in the perception of Iranian architecture without any logical and coherence. Shaygan claimed that some religious aspect of life in Iran’s culture after modernity is similar to a schizophrenic culture so the spirituality of having religious beliefs in life does not act as a unifier of culture. This study examines the concept of value and Authenticity in the contrast between Iranian modernity and contemporary forty-piece architecture. Research Method Due to re-reading the concept of authenticity is a descriptive-analytical method and based on logical reasoning that has used data collection tools including library and documentary studies. The research findings show that there is a kind of schizophrenic gap in the way intellectuals and contemporary architects of Iran perceive social and cultural realities. This is because, unlike European society and architecture in which we see a clear line of changes in its history, in Iran modernity has a different appearance, so inventions in Iran’s contemporary architecture are not coherent, representing authenticity. Manuscript profile